Assam is one of the most sparkling jewels of Northeast India which draws tourists from all over the world. Endowed with mesmerizing natural beauty, this destination is a great choice for holidays. Originally known as the Kingdom of Assam, it is surrounded by several other enchanting tourist destinations such as Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Bengal and Bangladesh. This land of dense forests and undulating plains boasts of rich cultural heritage.
The history of Assam can be traced back to the stone-age. Over the centuries several empires ruled over it. This state is also mentioned in the Buddhist literature, Tantric literature, Vedic literature and Assamese folklore. The beautiful river Brahmaputra, originating in Tibet, makes its way into India through Assam. An Assam Valley Tour takes you to the internationally famous for Kaziranga National Park, which is home to the endangered one-horned rhinoceros, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Assam Silk, colourful festivals, and beautiful temples are the other attractions of this state.
Attractions of Assam
Assam Tea Gardens
Assam is famous the world over for producing good quality tea which is exported to different countries across the globe. The tea is famous for its taste, aroma and color. Covering hundreds of acres of land, these refreshing tea gardens attract many tourists. Assam is the world's second commercial tea producing center after China. Take a stroll through these gardens, refresh yourself with picturesque surroundings and aromatic air and relish a cup of tea. You will love the experience for sure. The Dibrugarh town is the best place to see the tea gardens of Assam.
River Cruise at Brahmaputra in Assam
A cruise on the enchanting river Brahmaputra will surely transport you to the world of rapture. The wonderful activities that you can enjoy on this river cruise tour are wildlife safaris, visits to the villages and tea gardens, browsing the towns on cycle rickshaws, barbecues on river islands, visits to handicraft workshops and dance performances. While cruising you might be rewarded with the sights of dolphins.
Kaziranga National Park in Assam
This national park is a paradise for wildlife lovers who come here from across the globe. Recognized as a World Heritage Site, this Park is famous for its endangered One horned Rhinoceroses. This oldest national park of Assam is also home to a variety of other wildlife species such as elephants, water buffalo, swamp deer, Indian Gray Mongoose, Leopard, Large Indian Civet, Bengal Fox, Sloth Bear, Golden Jackal and Chinese Ferret Badgers. Colourful birds are the other striking attractions of the park. The park is also recognized as an important Bird Area by Birdlife International. Here you can sight amazing birds like Lesser White-fronted Goose, Ferruginous Duck, Baer's Pochard duck, Lesser Adjutant, Greater Adjutant, Black-necked Stork, Asian Openbill, White-tailed and Palla's Fish Eagle.
Having their own unique charm, the cities of Assam offer their own share of mesmerizing attractions. Some of the famous cities of Assam are Digboi, Dibrugarh Guwahati, Majuli Island, Sibasagar, Tezpur, Halflong and Umrongso.
Assamese, Bengali and English are spoken in this state.
Fairs and Festivals of Assam
Bihu Festival: It is the most important festival of Assam and is grandly celebrated around mid April. The festival marks the arrival of the seeding season. It involves Bihu folk dances and song. Bihu denotes 3 different festivals in Assam
Rongali Bihu- is a 7 long day feast and heralds the wish for a new harvest.
Kongali Bihu- is observed to mark the cutting and binding of grain.
Bhogali Bihu- it means enjoyment and eating. It is the harvesting season and marks its end.
It is the most important festival of the Kamakhya temple of Guwahati. It is believed that the presiding deity Goddess Kamakhya goes through her annual cycle of menstruation during this time stretch. During the Mela, the doors of the temple remain closed for 3 days and are reopened on the 4th day.
Me Dum Me Phi
Also called Ahom festival, people of Ahom worship their ancestors on 31st January every year. In an attempt to develop contacts and communication, thousands of devotees meet every year at some common point. I this festival it is a must to dress in traditional attire.
Handicrafts of Assam
This state boasts of wonderful handicrafts such as metal crafts, handlooms (Mekhla Chador), silk fabric, bamboo toys, cloth and mud toys, cane products, pottery, woodcraft, masks and jewelery.
Majority of the dishes in Assam are made from rice. You can try out popular rice dishes like joha, indica and japonica. Non vegetarians can take delight in different varieties of fish dishes. Also try out Tenga, a traditional dish of Assam.
Assam offers a variety of accommodation options starting from budget hotels to luxury hotels.
Best Time to Visit
October to April is the period that sees maximum tourist footfalls.
How to Reach Assam
By Air: Only international airport in this state is in Guwahati. The Domestic airports are Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Tezpur, North Lakhimpur and Silchar.
By Rail: The major cities of India are well connected to Assam by rail.
By Road: Good network of National highways and other roads connects the state to the major cities of the country.
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