Sunderbans is located in southern tip of West Bengal where the land meets the sea.? Etymologically this word derives from Bengali language which means ‘beautiful jungle’ or ‘beautiful forest’. Some says that this place got its name from one of the mangrove plants known as Sundari (Heritiera Minor). The Sundarbans is a part of the world's largest delta formed by the rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna. Because of the biggest mangrove forest in the world and diverse biodiversity this place has been declared an UNESCO World Heritage Site. This place covers an area of 4262 square km in India and 2585 square kilometers in Bangladesh.
The history of this place is dated back to 200–300 AD.? A ruin of a city built by Chand Sadagar has been found in the Baghmara Forest Block. During the Mughal period, local kings leased the forests of the Sundarbans to residents.
This place is a paradise for wildlife and greenish dense forest make it’s a haven for adventures and photography enthusiasts. Sundarbans is ruled by the unique natural beauty because of meandering rivers, springs, creeks and beautiful estuaries. It is the world's largest estuarine mangrove forest made up of 54 small islands, swamps and an intricate network of waterways and canals.
Some of the known attractions of this place are
Sundarbans National Park
This National Park is a Tiger Reserve, UNESCO World Heritage Site and a Biosphere Reserve located in the Sundarbans delta in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the region which is densely populated with mangrove forests and one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger. It is also the habitat of variety of bird, mammals, reptiles and invertebrate species, including the saltwater crocodile. It is the largest estuarine mangrove forest in the world where one can find twenty-six of the fifty mangrove types.
This national park is also known for the exotic collections of flora such as saltwater mixed forest, mangrove scrub, brackish water mixed forest, littoral forest, wet forest and wet alluvial grass forests. According to 2004 census, the tiger population in Indian Sundarban is around 274. With this there are 58 species of mammals, 55 species of reptiles and around 248 bird species can be sighted here. The best part of this national park is the boat safari where tourists float down through the various river sublets and closely encounter several wild species.
This is a beautiful place of Sundarbans which is famous as a base for safaris, good spot to see tigers and for bird-watching. It is also known for many rare species of wild animals, flora and fauna. Apart from this the vast expanse of grassy meadows running from Katka to Kachikhali makes it a perfect destination for wildlife trekking enthusiasts. The nature laden beauty of this place never fails to enthrall tourists who come here from several parts of the globe.
Tin Kona Island
This is another famous tourist attractions of Sunderbans National Park where large number of tourists flock to see tiger and deer. The dramatic landscape makes a beautiful place where one can hear and witness the call of wild nature and its inhabitants. This island is an enchanting destination where one can experience the wild beauty at its best.
This is a beautiful island known for its picturesque location and famous for its exotic collection of fish fauna. The abundant fish species make it a favorite destination for fishing which provides tourists a firsthand experience of this fun filled activity. Apart from this tourists can also have a chance of spotting many wild animals during a visit to this place. ?
How to reach Sundarbans
By Air: The nearest airport to Sundarbans is the Dum Dum airport at Kolkata, which is nearly 166 km away. This important International airport is well-connected to many India cities and abroad.?
By Bus: Sundarbans is well connected with many cities in the state West Bengal by state road transport corporation buses. And West Bengal is very well connected with all the major cities of India via road.
By Train: Canning railway station is the nearest railhead which is located 48 km away from Sundarbans. Canning station is connected by regular passenger and express trains from Kolkata and Howrah.
Best time to visit Sundarbans
The best season to visit the Sunderban is between December and February. Because of its proximity to the Bay of Bengal this place has high humidity and rainfall is quite heavy during monsoon, which last from mid-June to mid-September.
Accommodations in Sundarbans
This is one of the most sought-after destinations for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts from across the globe. So there are a number of hotels, wildlife resorts, forest lodges and jungle camps present within and outside the vicinity of the Sunderbans Wildlife Sanctuary.
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