Welcome to Kanha National Park, one the greatest wildlife reserves in India. Kanha National Park is located in the Mandla and Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh. Spreading 1,940sq. Kms of deciduous forest, Savannah grassland, hills, and gentle meandering rivers; it is home to more than 200 tigers and leopards. Other inhabitants being 350 barasingha (swamp deer), 22,000 spotted deer and more than 300 species of birds. No Indian Nature Reserve can guarantee tiger spotting as in the Kanha National Park. Infact half of the tourists visit the park for the tigers only.
Kanha National Park came into being in 1955 and was declared as the Tiger Reserve in 1974, under Project Tiger. The central portions of the Kanha Valley were designated as the wildlife sanctuary in 1933. Kanha usually experiences the tropical climate. Summers here are warm with mercury rising between 40.6 degree centigrade to 23.9 degree centigrade. Winters are cool and pleasant, temperature as the temperature rises between 23.9 and 11.1 degree centigrade. However the best time to visit Kanha National Park is between the month of April to June and November to January.
Tourists Attractions in Kanha
Flora of Kanha National Park
Kanha is perhaps best known for the Southern tropical Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest and Southern Tropical dry Deciduous Mixed Forest types. Here you may find broad sweeps of grassy rolling meadows or maidans. Kanha is predominately with the vast grasslands on the huge plateaus. River Sulkum, Banjar and Nila irrigate the topography of this park. The slopes of the plateaus here are thickly covered with Bija, Haldu, Dhaora trees which stand along the long stretches of Ban-rahar, Bamboo and Sindhur trees. If you love photography, the park offers some bewitching views which are worth a click.
Fauna of Kanha National Park
Kanha National Park has several different species of animals which include the rare 'twelve horned' barasingh (swamp deer), a handful of hiran (black buck), the ubiquitous chital (spotted deer) and large number of tigers and leopards. Kanha is home to 22 species of mammals. Other major attractions of the park include sloth bear, Indian wild dog, Indian wolf, gaur, sambar, nilgai, golden jackal, bengal fox, smooth cotted otter, striped hyena, Indian hare and many more.
Apart from the animals there are more than 200 species of birds that are found in the park. Some of the most important among them are attle egret, pond heron, black ibis, common peafowl, crested serpent, racket tailed drongo, hawk eagle and red-wattled lapwing. Other species include flycatcher, woodpecker, pigeon, dove, parakeet, babbler and mynah, Indian roller, white-breasted kingfisher and grey hornbill.
Tourists Activities in Kanha National Park
Taking a Jeep Safari is best suited to spot a Tiger as it takes less time and enable you to travel longer distances. The Kanha National Park offers one of the best possible spots for Tiger viewing in the world. Passing through the dense forest including a series of trees and bushes will let you peep into the real Jungle life of Kanha National Park. Tourists can hire the MPSTDC Jeeps from the Baghira Log Huts, Kisli and Kanha Safari Lodge, Mukki.
Apart from the exciting jeep safari, the park also conducts elephant safari for the tourists. If you want to take the real pleasure of an elephant ride, ask the guide to take you at the core or central park. Make sure that you get up early in the morning and get the booking done in advance, as the safaris usually get full during the peak season. Elephant Safari are usually used for tracking the tigers.
Bird Watchers have a treat in store at Kanha National Park. Binocs and bird books are essential accompaniments. If you want to stalk Indian roller, white-breasted kingfisher, common peafowl, crested serpent, racket tailed drongo, hawk eagle and grey hornbill...Please be patient. If possible join the local bird watching group.
The real pleasure of being at Kanha National Park is spotting the wild tigers. You need to be absolutely silent while spotting the tigers. Once you have spotted the tiger, you will be thrilled with the stark amazement. The very look of tiger will excite you immensely with goosebumps running in your body. But please do not panic or make noise. They won't harm you, if you don't disturb them.
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