Bihar, the holy land where Lord Buddha lived and preached his teachings of enlightenment occupies a significant place on the tourist map of India. Located in eastern India along the Gangetic plains, this state has an important place in the cultural history of the country. Its attractions encompass heritage monuments with sheer architectural beauty, fairs and festivals, historic sites, pilgrimage centers, forts, hills, forests, flora and fauna and arts and crafts. This land finds mention in the Vedas and Puranas. It is an important Hindu and Jain pilgrimage center. Patna is the capital city of Bihar.
Some of the Main Attractions of Bihar are
This is the most famous attraction of Bihar where tourists come in great number. It is the most sparkling jewel of Bihar Tourism. A significant pilgrimage of Buddhists, Bodhgaya is the sacred place where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment and preached his first sermon. Located on the banks of river Niranjana, it attracts tourists from all over the world. There is a Mahabodhi tree here under which Lord Buddha attained enlightenment. There are several Buddhist monasteries here. Other popular attractions of Bodhgaya are the archaeological museum, the great Buddha statue, Dungeshwari cave temples, Chankramana and Ratnagarh.
Mahabodhi Temple in Bodhgaya
It is a beautiful Buddhist temple located in Bodhgaya where Siddhartha Gautama attained enlightenment under the Mahabodhi tree. The holy Bodhi tree is located within the temple complex. An architectural wonder, this temple is a World Heritage Site.
It is famous for its Buddhist University which was established in 5th century by the Gupta emperors.
It is a beautiful town with hills covered with forests. At one point of time it was the capital of the Magadh Empire. Lord Buddha lived here for several years and spread his teachings.
During ancient times Bihar was known as Pataliputra and Patna was its capital. This capital city also has its own share of attractions.
It is the birth place of Lord Mahavira and is also the place where Lord Buddha preached his last sermon. It finds mention in the great Hindu epic Ramayana. Ashok Pillar, Raja Vishala Ka Garh and the Archaeological Museum are the other attractions here.
Shopping in Bihar
Bihar is famous for its wonderful handicrafts such as Miniatures in paper and leaves, Stone and bead-jewelry, Appliqu? work on fabric, Hand-painted wall hangings, Stone pottery and Leather goods.
Best time to visit
From October to February.
Depending on your taste and budget you can choose from a variety of hotels in Bihar. From 5 star hotels to budget hotels, all options are available for tourists.
How to reach
By Rail: Several cities of Bihar are well connected with major cites of India by an extensive network of trains.
By Road: A good network of National Highways connects Bihar with the main cities of the country.
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