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India is a land of colourful cultures, traditions and people. It is the home to a large number of indigenous people, who are still untouched by the lifestyle of the modern world. Rooted strong to their origin, tribal people or adivasis are like the colourful shades or hues that add to the beauty of India. 

With more than 83 million, India has the largest population of tribal people in the world. These ethnic groups are chiefly dependent on hunting, agriculture and fishing for their food. Some of the major tribal groups in India include Ponds, Santhals, Khasis, Angamis, Bhils, Bhutias and Great Andamanese. All these have their own culture, tradition, language and lifestyle. These tribal people are a bit shy but friendly. They are as curious about you as you are about them! The tribal belt of India includes places like Odisha, Jharkhand, Assam, Chattisgarh, Saurashtra and many more. The state governments are responsible for the development of these tribes who are scattered all over the country.

 

Following are the ethnic tribal destinations in India:

Odisha

Of all the Indian states, Odisha has the largest number of tribes with as many as 63 tribal groups. They mainly inhabit the north eastern hill region of the state and are mainly concentrated in Sunderland, Mayurbhanj and Koraput districts of Odisha. Bondos, DidayisBarogadabas, Kondhs, Juang, Bhuan, Koya Parenga, Saora, Mahali and  Dharua are some of the tribes found here. They live in tiny temporary huts made by the things found in forest. Close to the nature these ethnic groups practise crafts like basketry, black-smithy and the method of shifting cultivation for survival.

Shopping

Handloom-weaved tussar silk saris, are the must buy form Odisha. Tarkasi, a delicate filigree work, paintings on tendu leaves, paper-mache artwork are also some of the unique items found here. Raghurajpur, the craft village of Odisha is a village dedicated to art and paintings where you can shop for beautiful artefacts and paintings being sold in every homes.


Festivals

Bali jatra (October/November), Dussehra (October), Chow Festival (April) and Nua Kkai (August -September) are some of the festivals popular among the tribal population of Odisha.

How to reach

Air: It has a domestic airport with flights form Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad and Bengaluru.
Road: It has a good road connectivity to nearby states and cities.
Rail: Trains are available form Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Guwahati, Tirupati and Hyderabad.

 

Assam

This state is an amalgamation of numbers of tribes who landed on the soil of Assam from different parts of the world and made it their motherland. Bodos, Mishings, Dimasas, Karbis, Tiwas, Khamtis, Khelmas, Kukis and Deoris are some of the tribes living harmoniously in the green pockets of Assam. They are chiefly dependent on farming and hunting for their food and have their own unique music and dance forms.

Shopping

The Assam silk saris are the most popular buys from here. Paat, Muga and Eri are the three famous varieties of silk, found in multiple designs. Tea leaves, bamboo crafts, handmade toys, and typical bamboo pickles are also quite special here.

Festivals

Bijou (April), Ambubachi Mela(June) and Baishagu(April) are some of the tribal festivals of Assam.

How to reach

Air: Borjhar Airport (25km) from  is well connected to major cities of India.
Rail: Direct train services are available from Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin and Trivandrum to Guwahati.
Road: Buses are available for all the nearby states such as West Bengal, Sikkim, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura and Nagaland.

 

Arunachal Pradesh

Lauded as the 'land of dawn lit mountains,' this territory is interspersed with glaciers, pine trees, cascading waterfalls and lush green landscapes. The sightseeing tour at Tawang and Bomdila are a larger than life experience. The wildlife sanctuary at Namdapha is a must visit place. The main tribes present in Arunachal Pradesh includes Adis, Apatanis, Buguns, Singhpos, Mishmis, Monpas and Khambas and Membas. Exploring Arunachal Pradesh with  the tribal tour is a very unique way of exploring the Indian hotspot.

Shopping

Shopping in Arunachal Pradesh includes woven grass necklaces, bamboo head-gears and handicrafts.

Festivals

The important festivals include Boori-Boot of the Hill Miris, Si-donyi of the Tagins, Lossor of the Monpas and others.

How to Reach

There are no flight services in Arunachal Pradesh. The nearest railhead is at Harmuty, 35 km away from Itanagar.

 

Chattisgarh

There are many types of tribes in India, and Chattisgarh is home to many of them. In fact, the state has India's oldest tribal communities, and presumably the earliest tribes have been living in Bastar for over 10,000 years. Gond, Muriya, Kol, Korwa, Pargi, Munda and Savra are some of the tribal groups found in Chattisgarh. They have this weekly colourful markets where they sit together to socialize on a cup of landa, a typical rice beer or mahua which is local beer. They sell their agricultural produce, handmade jewellery, live red ants to earn livelihood in the haats.

Shopping

Myriad handicrafts, textiles, bamboo made articles, gems, pethora paintings are some of the must buys of Chattisgarh.

Festival

Bhagoria Haat (March) and Dussehra (October) are some of the festivals fervidly celebrated in Chattisgarh.

How to reach

Air: Raipur in Chattisgarh connects the city to New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Nauru (Maharashtra) by regular flights.
Rail: Raipur and Bilaspur are the two major junctions in Chattisgarh making it accessible from cities like  Delhi, Punjab,Chennai and Cochin.
Road: It is well connected through roads to nearby cities and states.

 

Rajasthan

Lauded as the land of mettle and romance, Rajasthan is known for patriotism, love and valour. Shifting sand dunes, nomadic cattle herds, verdant hills and sun-kissed lakes are the attractive features of Rajasthan. The sightseeing attractions in Rajasthan includes Udaipur, Deogarh, Rohetgarh, Jodhpur, Roopangarh and Jaipur. Music, dance, colours and festivities punctuate the brilliance of Rajasthan's contours. The main tribes present in Rajasthan include Bhils, Minas, Gadiya Lohars, Garasias and Damors. The tribal tour in Rajasthan is a unique opportunity to explore them in an incredible manner.

Shopping

Tie-dye fabrics, block printed dress materials and embroidered textiles are the speciality of Rajasthan. Woollen carpets, blue pottery, elegant jewellery and leather goods are loved by shopping aficionados.

Festivals

The Rajasthani festivals are filled with life, colour and music. The main festivals include Camel festival, Desert festival, Elephant festival, Mewar Festival, Teej and the Pushkar Fair.

How to Reach

Air: Udaipur, Jodhpur and Jaipur are the international airports in Rajasthan.
Rail: Regular train connectivity is prevalent in Kota, Bundi, Ajmer, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Sawai Madhopur and Chittaurgarh.
Road: Well maintained National Highways connect Rajasthan with the neighbouring Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.



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